Brief description of the county Valcea

   Administrative structure
   General outlook
   Tourism potential
   Valcea County's assets
   Local public administration
   Fruit tree growing and viticuture
   International implemented projects

   International projects in implementation
   Projects recommended by National Council for Regional Developement to be financed with Structural Funds
   Projects proposals
   International experience
   Valcea Monasteries


Valcea County

Location up

       Valcea County lays in the central southern part of Romania; it stretches alongside the middle basin of river Olt, surrounded by Cozia Mountain in the east and Culmea Capatinii in the west.
       The climate is temperate-continental, with slight Mediterranean influences.
the county covers 5,765 sq. km - 2.4% of the total area of the country and has a population of 413.570 inhabitants;
       The capital of the county is Ramnicu Valcea Municipium, which lays at the confluence of Olt and Olanesti Rivers, at the bottom of Capela, Petrisor and Cetatuia hills.

Administrative structure up
      Two bigger towns - Ramnicu Valcea and Dragasani;

Nine towns: Horezu, Baile Olanesti, Baile Govora, Calimanesti, Ocnele Mari, Brezoi , Balcesti, Babeni, Berbesti ;

78 communes.
History up
       The archeological materials, the information of great erudites of antiquity, the traces and historical monuments attest marks of human life and habitation - about 2,000,000 years discoveries of Bugiulesti - TETOIU commune)
       First record mention of the county appears on January 8, 1392 in the Chronicles of the Monastery of Cozia, where the Charter signed by the Voivode of Wallachia , The Old Mircea, is still preserved.
General outlook up
       The County enjoys a varied geography, ranging from hills and mountains to valleys and plains, making it, in many respects a microcosm of the country as a whole.
       Almost half of its territory is covered by woods of oak, beech, coniferous trees or other forest vegetation.
       In the northern part, the mountains make the dominant landscape, with heights of  more then 2,200 meters;Valcea County boasts rich mineral resources, including crude oil, natural gas, salt, as well as mineral waters renowned for healing properties.

Tourism potential up

       In addition to picturesque landscape, Valcea is blessed with an abundance of historical and ecclesiastical monuments, helping to make it second most popular tourist destination in the country as a whole.
       County's wealth also consists in healing water sources and natural wonders, whose presence encouraged development of spas

Valcea County's assets up
  • A considerable potential that strengthens the region's competitive edge;

  • Highly qualified workforce;

  • Tourist attraction;

  • Efficient infrastructure;

  • A dynamic economic location;

  • Cultural landscape
Local public administration up

       Local authorities are constituted in accordance with the Law of public administration and with the Law of local elections.
       Local government consists of a non-hierarchical two-tier structure:

Upper tier - 41 counties

       Local tier -2,800 communes, 280 towns, and 86 Municipiums.

       County Council - has a co-ordination role and is directly elected by the population of the county.
       Members of the county councils in turn elect a chairman (President) and two vice-presidents.
       At the local level, mayors and local councillors are elected by direct, secret and universal vote.
       Local responsibilities include:
       approval of social and economic development programmes;
       setting local taxes and duties;
       social services and administration of  markets;
       urban development and land use planning;
       environmental protection
Population up

       Almost 60% belongs to the age groups considered productives(15-59 years for men and 15-54 years for women).
       Number of population: 413.570 habitants
Of which:
       161.755 in towns;

       251.815 in villages.

The evolution between 1966-2002 evolutia populatiei

Infrastructure up

       Vâlcea County has        
       - 164 kilometres of railways,
       - 2,028 kilometres of public roads
of  which 550 km of national roads.

       There are 7  main national roads that cross the county. The most important is the European Road No. 81 , which connects Vâlcea County with Arges and Sibiu Counties .
       The county roads amount almost 1538.48 kilometers and include 389 bridges, with a total lenght of 10,135 metres.

       Natural gas supplies:
       9 localities, with 259.2 km of distribution pipe networks.

       Drinking water supplies:
       72 localities, of which 8 towns;
Total lengths of the the distribution pipes networks: 546.3 km; a regional drinking water supply from Bradisor source (over 50 km).

Industry up

       The industrial  profile of the county is mainly based on upon
              Chemical Industry
              Food  and beverage Industry
              Oil, coal and salt extraction
              Wood processing
              Heavy industry

Agriculture up
       Total arable area:                          80,348 ha
of which owned by private sector:        79,398 ha
       Total agricultural production:
Cereals:                                               207,075 tons
Vegetables (total):                              114,080 tons
Oily-seed plants:                                     1,077 tons
Potatoes:                                                53,143 tons
Fodder:                                                 491,949 tons
Fruit tree growing and viticulture up

       Fruit tree growing and viticulture
Number of fruit trees:                      4,544,394
of which:

plum trees                                         3,096,547
apple trees                                        1,126,986
pear trees                                               84,682
Total fruit production:                           45,534 tons
of which -private sector:                       42,351 tons

Vineyards (total area);                           4,094 ha
Total grape production:                     229,893 tons
       The area of Valcea County has a potential and conditions for viticulture, the wines obtained here, being recognized,  appreciated  and reworded at European level of over 100 years.

Education up

                                         No. of schools          No. of students
                                                  732                           86,798
of which:
kindergartens:                          356                           12,618
primary schools:                       338                           46,873
high schools:                               23                           14,232
National colleges                         3                             4,700
Art colleges                                  1                             4,405
Faculties                                       9                             5,738

International implemented projects up
       Phare Programme for the Rehabilitation of the Infrastructure Affected by Floods in 1997
       6 projects in Valcea County
Amount : 1,436,000 ECU

       Phare Fund for the Modernization of the Local Public Administration
       Project: " Citizen Information Center and integrated IT system of Valcea County Council and 16 Municipalities"
Amount : 28,540 Euro

       Loan guaranteed by the Romanian Government for setting up water supplies in rural areas
       38 projects in Valcea County rural areas
Amount : 11,742,000 USD

       Loan guaranteed by the government for the development of drinking water supply in villages.
       38 projects of Valcea county
Amount:11,742,000 Dollars
       Phare 2001 / Economic and Social Cohesion, Social Services Investment Scheme
       "Dragasani Pilot Social Centre"
Amount: 142,210 Euro
International projects in implementation up

       Phare 2004 - 2006 Programme, Economic and Social Cohesion - Regional Infrastructure Development
       Project  "North Oltenia Conventions and Exhibitions Centre 
Amount : 7,467.000 euro, of which  Phare: 5,000,000 euro, National Fund : 1,667,000 euro 

       Project " Integrate Development of Baile Olanesti Spa"  
Amount : 3,369,358 euro, of which   Phare: 2,271,790 euro, National Fund : 757.263 euro
       Phare 2002 Programme- Modernization Fund for the Development of local public administration "
       16 projects for the development of the administration at local level in the localities of Valcea County: Rm. Valcea, Dragasani, Calimanesti, Horezu, Dragoesti, Fauresti, Francesti, Galicea, Glavile, Gradistea, Ladesti, Maciuca, Orlesti, Popesti, Stoilesti, Sirineasa.
Amount: 280,124 Euro
       Phare Ro/2003/005-551.01.02  Educational access for disadvantaged  groups
       "All different All equals " - Educational access for disadvantaged  groups from Valcea County.
Amount : 525,551 euro, of which  Phare 494,681 euro
       ISPA -   "Integrated waste management within Valcea Municipium- Ecological store house in Feteni"
Amount : 18,200,000 Euro, of which  ISPA funds: 11,040,000 Euro, State Budget  : 2,500,000 Euro
       ISPA -  Rehabilitation of water la  supply system, sewerage  system and of waste water treatment station from Rm . Valcea.
Amount : 31,500, 000 Euro, of which ISPA funds: 23,625,000 Euro

Projects recommended by National Council for Regional Developments to be financed with Structural Funds up
       " Rehabilitation and Development of general and tourist infrastructure in Horezu cultural historical Depression"
Amount : 3,998,511 euro, of which Phare: 2,698,883 euro, National Fund : 899,628 euro
" Rehabilitation of tourist infrastructure in Baile Govora Spa ".
Amount: 2,927,894 euro, of which    Phare 1,952,170 euro, National Fund : 650.724 euro
       "CALIMANEȘTI 2007 - Development of tourist infrastructure within Călimănești - Căciulata Spa"
Amount: 1,848,290 of which Phare :1,386,217,5 euro, National Fund: 462,072,5 euro
       " Dragasani By pass  on national  route from Craiova to Valcea"
Amount : 3,951,053 euro, of which   Phare : 2,666,961 euro, National Fund : 888.986 euro
       "ZăvoiPark- Centre of leisure and recreation ".
Amount : 2,374,449, of which Phare 1,780,837 euro, National Fund : 593,612 euro 
Projects proposals up
       Areal system of wastes collecting and storage in :  Brezoi, Sinesti, Roesti, Galicea, Maciuca, Balcesti loaclities.
Amount : 4,220,000 Euro
Waste integrate management in  Dragasani (new ecological store house, selective collecting of wastes tc.)
Amount : 17,784,000 Euro
       Zonal system of water supply and sewerage. Rehabilitation of water and sewerage network,  of the treatment installations of waste water, and also their extension in Valcea County .
Amount:  144,200,000 Euro
International experience up
       Cooperation Programme between Flanders and Romania
       Project: Ramnicu Valcea Business Center (partnership with Ramnicu Valcea Municipality and Valcea Chamber of Commerce)
Amount : 22.9 million BEF

       Cooperation Programme between Flanders and Romania
       Project: Valorization of to urism potential in Valcea County
Amount : 110,000 Euro

       Danish-Romanian Cooperation Programme in the field of Environmental Protection
       Project" Extension of the water supply system Ramnicu Valcea - Dragasani"
Amount : - Phase I:     181,000 USD
                - Phase II: 1,500,000 USD

       World Bank through the Romanian Fund for Social Development
       5 Projects in the field of modernizing the transport infrastructure in poor rural areas
       2 Projects in the field of generating profits for the poor communities
Amount : 288,000 USD

       European Bank for Investments
       8 projects for rehabilitation of the infrastructure (roads and river bank reinforcement)
Amount : 1,637,000 USD

       Austrian Government Cooperation Programme
       Project: Use of geothermal energy in Calimanesti
Amount : 1,000,000 USD
Valcea Monasteries up

Arnota Monastery

Govora Monastery

Cozia Church Monastery

Frasinei Monastery

Hurez Monastery

Bistrita Monastery
Stanisoara Monastery
"Wooden" Monastery

Iezeru Monastery