County Presentation

Location

Valcea County lays in the central southern part of Romania; it stretches alongside the middle basin of river Olt, surrounded by Cozia Mountain in the east and Culmea Capatinii in the west.
The climate is temperate-continental, with slight Mediterranean influences.
the county covers 5,765 sq. km - 2.4% of the total area of the country and has a population of 413.570 inhabitants;
The capital of the county is Ramnicu Valcea Municipium, which lays at the confluence of Olt and Olanesti Rivers, at the bottom of Capela, Petrisor and Cetatuia hills.

harta

Administrative structure

Two bigger towns - Ramnicu Valcea and Dragasani;
Nine towns: Horezu, Baile Olanesti, Baile Govora, Calimanesti, Ocnele Mari, Brezoi , Balcesti, Babeni, Berbesti ;
78 communes.

 

History

The archeological materials, the information of great erudites of antiquity, the traces and historical monuments attest marks of human life and habitation - about 2,000,000 years discoveries of Bugiulesti - TETOIU commune)
First record mention of the county appears on January 8, 1392 in the Chronicles of the Monastery of Cozia, where the Charter signed by the Voivode of Wallachia , The Old Mircea, is still preserved.

isto1       isto2

 

General outlook

The County enjoys a varied geography, ranging from hills and mountains to valleys and plains, making it, in many respects a microcosm of the country as a whole.
Almost half of its territory is covered by woods of oak, beech, coniferous trees or other forest vegetation.
In the northern part, the mountains make the dominant landscape, with heights of more then 2,200 meters;Valcea County boasts rich mineral resources, including crude oil, natural gas, salt, as well as mineral waters renowned for healing properties.

Tourism potential

In addition to picturesque landscape, Valcea is blessed with an abundance of historical and ecclesiastical monuments, helping to make it second most popular tourist destination in the country as a whole.
County's wealth also consists in healing water sources and natural wonders, whose presence encouraged development of spas

pottur1  pottur3  pottur4  pottur5

 

Valcea County's assets

  • A considerable potential that strengthens the region's competitive edge;
  • Highly qualified workforce;
  • Tourist attraction;
  • Efficient infrastructure;
  • A dynamic economic location;
  • Cultural landscape

 

Local public administration

Local authorities are constituted in accordance with the Law of public administration and with the Law of local elections.
Local government consists of a non-hierarchical two-tier structure:

  • Upper tier - 41 counties
  • Local tier -2,800 communes, 280 towns, and 86 Municipiums.

County Council - has a co-ordination role and is directly elected by the population of the county.
Members of the county councils in turn elect a chairman (President) and two vice-presidents.
At the local level, mayors and local councillors are elected by direct, secret and universal vote.
Local responsibilities include:

  • approval of social and economic development programmes;
  • setting local taxes and duties;
  • social services and administration of markets;
  • urban development and land use planning;
  • environmental protection

Population

Almost 60% belongs to the age groups considered productives(15-59 years for men and 15-54 years for women).
Number of population: 413.570 habitants
Of which:

  • 161.755 in towns;
  • 251.815 in villages.

 

Infrastructure

Vâlcea County has

  • 164 kilometres of railways
  • 2,028 kilometres of public roads

of which 550 km of national roads.
There are 7 main national roads that cross the county. The most important is the European Road No. 81 , which connects Vâlcea County with Arges and Sibiu Counties .
The county roads amount almost 1538.48 kilometers and include 389 bridges, with a total lenght of 10,135 metres.
Natural gas supplies:
9 localities, with 259.2 km of distribution pipe networks.
Drinking water supplies:
72 localities, of which 8 towns;
Total lengths of the the distribution pipes networks: 546.3 km; a regional drinking water supply from Bradisor source (over 50 km).

Industry

  • Chemical Industry
  • Food and beverage Industry
  • Oil, coal and salt extraction
  • Wood processing
  • Heavy industry
  • Textiles

 

Agriculture

Total arable area:80,348 ha
of which owned by private sector:79,398 ha
Total agricultural production:

  • Cereals: 207,075 tons
  • Vegetables (total): 114,080 tons
  • Oily-seed plants: 1,077 tons
  • Potatoes: 53,143 tons
  • Fodder: 491,949 tons

 

Fruit tree growing and viticulture

Number of fruit trees: 4,544,394 of which:

  • plum trees 3,096,547
  • apple trees 1,126,986
  • pear trees 84,682

Total fruit production: 45,534 tons of which private sector: 42,351 tons

  • Vineyards (total area) 4,094 ha
  • Total grape production: 229,893 tons

 

Education

No. of students 86,798
of which:

  • kindergartens: 12,618
  • primary schools:46,873
  • high schools: 14,232
  • National colleges: 4,700
  • Art colleges: 4,405
  • Faculties: 5,738


No. of schools 732
of which:

  • kindergartens: 356
  • primary schools: 338
  • high schools: 23
  • National colleges: 3
  • Art colleges: 1
  • Faculties: 9

 

Valcea Monasteries

arnota govora cozia frasinei
Arnota Monastery Govora Monastery Cozia Church Monastery Frasinei Monastery
hurez bistrita stanisoara iezeru
Hurez Monastery UNESCO Bistrita Monastery Stanisoara Monastery Iezeru Monastery